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07 April 2017, 02:25 | Nichole Osborne
Experts hail vaccine that slashed Scots cervical cancer rate
During a recent two-year period, nearly 23 percent of USA adults ages 18 to 59 had a type of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) that put them at high risk of certain cancers, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report published Thursday.
Almost half of American men and women under 60 are infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV), putting them at risk for certain cancers, federal health officials reported Thursday. Image credit: Sostre SN News."The two HPV types we were vaccinating against - HPV 16 and HPV 18 - cause about 70% to 80% of cervical cancers within Scotland but the vaccine has exceeded our expectations because it appears to have knocked out another three high-risk HPV types which cause about 10% of cervical cancers", said Dr. Kevin Pollock, senior epidemiologist at Health Protection Scotland.
A campaign to vaccinate girls against a cancer-causing sexually transmitted infection has led to a dramatic drop in reported cases.
And while most infections disappear on their own, without even displaying symptoms, some strains can lead to genital warts and even cancers, including prostate, throat, head and neck, rectum and cervical cancer.
Vaccinations against HPV first became available in 2006, aimed at protecting kids before they become sexually active. Please support our efforts.
Public health advocates say they think the shift to a two-dose regimen could make a big difference in the number of adolescents who get all the necessary doses of the HPV vaccine.
In 2013 and 2014, 45 percent of all men aged up to 60 had some sort of HPV strain and 25 percent had one of the strains that can cause cancer.
About 4 percent of all adults had an oral infection with a cancer-causing strain of HPV. Overall, men had higher rates of both oral and genital HPV than women. The publication manifested that when adding all types of HPV cases, the percentage of affected adults rose to 43 percent.
"Collectively, these data demonstrate the significant and continued benefits of the HPV vaccination programme in Scotland, which has achieved a consistent and high uptake of around 90 per cent in 12 to 13-year-old girls". Unfortunately, though, HPV vaccines aren't a regular part of a child's vaccine cycle, and are often singled out.
Dr. Lois Ramondetta, a professor of gynecologic oncology at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Texas, toldNBC News past year: "There is an epidemic of HPV related cancers in men, specifically those of the tonsil and the back of the tongue".
She explains that a possible solution is to introduce the vaccine to the population in a different way.
The report was published today (April 6) by the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics.
Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more on the human papillomavirus.
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